A Trader’s Quick Start Guide: The Stock Market Terms

Financial news may appear to be written in a foreign language to those who have not experienced investing. However, like every specialized field, investing has its jargon. Here is a dictionary of fundamental financial terminology that will enable beginners to comprehend what is happening and make better investment choices.

  • Every trader must know basic stock market terms.
  • To assist you in understanding thestock market and trading more effectively, learn these key terminologies.

What exactly is a stock market?

The stock market is a mashup of many international marketplaces. It is the marketplace where traders and investors exchange shares of corporations.

A stock market is a form of exchange where traders can buy and sell stocks and businesses can issue stock.

The stock market primarily has two functions.

First and foremost, to finance businesses so they can use the money to grow their operations.

The second function is the chance for investors to participate in the profits of businesses that are listed on the stock exchange.

What do terms used in stock trading mean?

When we read or speak about the stock market, we regularly employ stock market terminologies, which are industry-specific stock market words.

These terms are frequently used by both experts and beginners to discuss strategies, stock market charts, indexes, and other stock market components.

Buy– It simply means purchasing shares or placing a position in a company.

Sell– means selling the shares that you already own.

Traders typically sell shares when they perceive a chance to profit or when they believe the stock’s climb is coming to an end.

Ask– offering shares at sale for a specific price.

Find out what those wishing to sell their stocks are hoping to receive in exchange for their shares.

A trader will place an order requesting or asking purchasers to purchase shares if they have them and want to sell them at a specific price.

Bid– In the market, a trader makes an offer to buy the shares

It is what you are willing to pay to acquire stocks.

Ask-bid spread– It is the difference between the highest price an individual is willing to acquire shares and the lowest price an individual is willing to sell.

Bull market– A state of the market wherein stock prices are constantly increasing.

Bull markets are characterized by traders’ and investors’ excitement and confidence.

Bear market– A state of the market in which prices are constantly decreasing.

Traders and investors are less interested in buying stocks, and most are looking to sell. Bear markets happen when the opportunity is bleak for a company, the industry, or the economy.


the indicator of a stock’s ease of purchase and sale.

You’ll typically find it simpler to initiate and exit a position when there are numerous buyers and sellers actively trading the stock. The stock has greater liquidity.

Market Volume

the total number of shares that are ever traded.

Since there is more liquidity as a result of higher trading activity, positions can be entered and exited more quickly.

Overall, it may be said that as a beginner, the safest way to invest is to start small. Maximize your time by focusing on one or two stocks during a session. With just a few stocks, tracking and spotting opportunities will be a lot easier. Most orders are placed quickly when the markets open in the daytime. That’s when traders and investors begin to execute.

For rookies, it may be a bit better to learn and read the market first before making any moves for the first 15-20 mins.

Typically, the less volatile is the middle hours. Although the rush hours offer opportunities, beginners should be cautious and avoid these first few hours.

Strategies are meant to fail only some of the time, so consider them profitable. Around 50% to 60% of trades are profited by most successful traders. Just make sure that for every financial risk on each transaction you make, you have an exit and entry method to follow. Also, limit a specific percentage of your account to use.


News Reporter